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マイクロソフトが買収した「強化学習AI」企業の破壊的パワー

(Photo by Christophe Morin/IP3/Getty Images)

マイクロソフトはAI関連のスタートアップ企業「Bonsai」を買収すると発表した。BonsaiはAI領域で “強化学習(reinforcement learning)”に強みを持つ企業として知られ、買収によりマイクロソフトは自律システムや産業用制御システム分野を強化することが可能になる。

カリフォルニア州バークレーに本拠を置くBonsaiは「AIの民主化」をスローガンに掲げ、企業らの強化学習を推進し、経営判断にAIを活用する試みを続けている。

Bonsaiの共同創業者兼CEOのMark Hammondは2014年に同社を設立した。BonsaiのAIプラットフォームでは、「BRAIN(Basic Recurrent Artificial Intelligence Network)」と呼ばれるAIエージェントに加え、「architect」や「Instructor」「learner」「predictor」というコンポーネントを用いAIモデルを構築している。

Architectはシステムのハイレベルなメンタルモデルを定義して最適なアルゴリズムを選択する。Instructorは既存データやシミュレーションデータを用いたトレーニングプランを設計する。learnerが十分なトレーニングを実行するとpredictorモードがデプロイされ、ライブデータに対する予測を行うことができるようになる。

Bonsaiは2017年9月に産業用制御システム向けの新たな強化学習ベンチマークを導入した。同社は、ロボットアームにブロックを積み重ねさせる上で、タスクを細分化してトレーニングさせたことでグーグルの「ディープマインド(DeepMind)」よりも45倍も速くタスクを完了することに成功した。

この成果は、Bonsaiのプラットフォームがロボティクスや製造、HVAC(空調)といった分野で有効利用できることを証明した。

マイクロソフトは、傘下のベンチャーキャピタル「M12(旧Microsoft Ventures)」を通じてBonsaiに出資をしていた。Bonsaiに在籍する42名のチームは今後、AIの研究組織である 「Microsoft AI and Research Group」に所属することになる。

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Nikola Olic’s Playful Facade Photos ‘Reimagine’ Their Subjects

June 24, 2018 Tom Dobbins 0

In his ongoing study, Nikola Olic – a Serbian photographer based in Dallas, Texas – focuses on “architectural photography and abstract structural quotes that reimagine their subjects in playful, dimensionless and disorienting ways.” Often isolating elements of a facade, which obscures the viewer’s sense of scale and perspective, Olic provides short descriptions of each image, acting as a “demystifying tool” and reminding us of the everyday nature of his subject matter. In the third collection shared with ArchDaily, the photographs are taken in Dallas, Fort Worth, Las Vegas, New York, Los Angeles, Long Beach, and Hong Kong.

Colourful pavilion by The Very Many fronts Texas swimming pool building

June 24, 2018 Bridget Cogley 0

New York design studio The Very Many, led by Marc Fornes, has designed a blue-and-yellow covering outside a leisure centre in El Paso, Texas. The canopy, called Marquise, comprises hundreds of lightweight aluminium shingles that are cut to diamond-shaped panels and connected to leave small gaps in between. The panels are arranged to form a

The post Colourful pavilion by The Very Many fronts Texas swimming pool building appeared first on Dezeen.

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Cryptocurrency Trends Could Hurt AMD's Gaming Business

June 24, 2018 0

It’s no secret that both NVIDIA (NASDAQ:NVDA) and Advanced Micro Devices (NASDAQ:AMD), the only two makers of high-performance graphics processors, have seen their respective graphics processor businesses soar thanks to the boom in cryptocurrencies.
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Falken Reynolds fuses contemporary and historic details at Hemlock Street townhouse

June 24, 2018 Bridget Cogley 0

Canadian studio Falken Reynolds has chosen stark white surfaces and contemporary finishes to enhance the original features of a historic Vancouver residence. The local firm renovated the ground floor of a 100-year-old townhouse on Hemlock Street, in the city’s South Granville neighbourhood. Taking its name from its location, the project involved retaining the home’s character while

The post Falken Reynolds fuses contemporary and historic details at Hemlock Street townhouse appeared first on Dezeen.

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The Most Innovative Parking Structures From Around the World

June 24, 2018 Tom Dobbins 0

The parking garage: a loveless structure as necessary as it is unpopular. It can be easy for the architecture to reflect the unfancied nature, but sometimes, amidst all the mediocrity, beautiful design shines through.

Airport parking site Looking4.com has relaunched their award for the World’s Coolest Car Park, first published in 2013, that showcases some of the most innovative parking structures from around the world. Below is the 10 building shortlist—which one do you think deserves to take home the award?

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The Tree House / AS Arquitectura

June 24, 2018 Pilar Caballero 0

The project is a 391 m2 detached house, located in the Xcumpich prefecture where, in the past, there was a henequen plantation and, as the city grew, it became a residential area. The area is of low density and is characterized by its urban context with trees with large foliage and the park of the town.

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How to Make a Facade with Recycled Materials? 16 Notable Examples

With the aim of supporting architects to become active agents of sustainable design, this week we present a selection of facades that incorporate different recycled materials. Beyond the typical uses of plastic and glass, in this article, you will find innovative materials such as mattress springs, ice cream containers, plastic chairs, and recycled waste from agricultural and industrial products. A look at 16 remarkable projects using recycled materials to create an attractive facade.

Tirado Arquitectos completes timber-clad museum at colonial farm in Patagonia

June 24, 2018 Alyn Griffiths 0

The ridged roofline of this museum in Chile’s Aysén Region references existing historic buildings on the site and creates a sequence of dramatic internal spaces with steeply sloping ceilings. Santiago-based studio Tirado Arquitectos was commissioned by the regional government to develop a museum on the historically important site, where settlers established a sheep-farming community in

The post Tirado Arquitectos completes timber-clad museum at colonial farm in Patagonia appeared first on Dezeen.

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A Different Kind of Architectural Drawing: Léon Krier’s Sketches

June 24, 2018 Ella Comberg 0

When Louis Sullivan rang in the era of the skyscraper at the turn of the 20th century, the vertically soaring building—with its views and elevators—was unthinkably cutting edge. By the fifties, the dense downtown had experienced its moment in the sun and endless suburban sprawl began to surround the city. As early as the eighties, both the suburbs and the skyscraper felt oppressive in their own ways.