The Parthenon, unquestionably the most iconic of the Ancient Greeks’ Doric temples, was built between 447 and 432 BC. Located on the Acropolis in Athens, for many architects, it is one of the first buildings we analyzed when beginning our studies. Designed by Ictino and Calícrates, it displays a unique repertoire of architectural elements that can be fully appreciated individually, or for the role they play in forming a complete and magnificent whole.
Simply described, the 69.5 x 30.9-meter building is erected on a stylobate of three steps, with a gabled roof raised upon a post and lintel structure formed by Doric columns—17 on its sides and 8 on each end—which support an entablature composed of an architrave, a frieze, and a cornice. On each gable were triangular pediments with sculptures that represent the “Birth of Athena” on the East and the “Contest Between Athena and Poseidon” on the West.
Take a look at some of these elements in detail, through this set of high-resolution images.
Western Entablature and Columns
Sculptures of the Northwest Corner of the Pediment